There are other kinds of livestock animals that you might not think about. These are: donkeys, mules, and rabbits. Bees are raised for their honey. All kinds of fish are raised on fish farms. Livestock gives us our meat, eggs and milk. We also use the skins [leather] and hair of some animals for blankets, clothing, shoes, and brushes. Some livestock organs are used for medicines like insulin. Hoofs and horns are used for buttons, combs, glue and knives. Manure from these animals will be used to make plants grow better.
When we talk about livestock, we include beef cattle, goats, sheep and horses. Dairy cows can be found in the Dairy Farm area and chicken can be found on the Poultry Farms. They were separated because they are a large part of livestock and needed more space.
Livestock can be mated in three ways:
- Randomly -- by putting a few males and a few females of one species in a pen and allowing them to mate with whichever one they want.
- Inbreeding -- by mating animals that are closely related. They pick two that are related and have really good genes so that the baby will have them too.
- crossbreeding -- by mating unrelated animals. This sometimes creates a breed that has most of the good qualities of the parent breeds.
The International Livestock Research Institute works at the interface of people, livestock and science.
They generate knowledge and technologies designed to reduce poverty, hunger, disease and environmental degradation in developing countries, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. Based in Kenya and Ethiopia, they work with partners worldwide to enhance livestock pathways out of poverty.
They help in providing the best quality pure breeds for the farmers in the region, having them here in Kenya makes it easier for the farmers to produce the highest quality livestock products for the international market.
Dairy products include whole fluid milk, low-fat fluid milk, flavored milk, whole and nonfat dry milk, butter, cheese, evaporated and condensed milk, frozen dairy products, and fermented products such as sour cream and yogurt.